Volume 16, Issue 2 (2012)                   IQBQ 2012, 16(2): 73-98 | Back to browse issues page

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Ziraei1 R, Ziraei1 R, Vaezi3 S M. Comparative Appraisal of Preferential Voting Systems: Definition of Qualitative Variables for Election. IQBQ. 2012; 16 (2) :73-98
URL: http://clr.modares.ac.ir/article-20-10707-en.html
1- 1. Ph.D. in Public Law, Payam-e-Noor University, shiraz, Iran
2- 2. Master in International Law, Payam-e-Noor tehran University , tehran, Iran
3- 3. Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (4671 Views)
     Electoral rules and electoral systems are two differentiated concepts. Since, the electoral rules are only one of the factors in creation and regularization of every electoral system, notwithstanding, it is the most important. Winning in any electioneering is organized through numerical supremacy or manely quantitative variables. For all that depending on numerous political factors – including modelers’ initial impetus of Preferential Voting System to retain minorities' rights in multi-cultural communities – some electoral systems – specifically Preferential Voting System – have succeeded to import certain qualitative variables in election's essence and the ultimate result. In other words, there are mechanisms contrived in these systems by which a sole numerical superiority in the earned votes in favor of a certain party or a candidate does not ascertain the final result and the consequent elimination of other parties and candidates from the electioneering competition. Meanwhile, we have examined the preferential voting system in comparison with the plurality voting system, which has been used as a comparative method for the appraisal of electoral institutions. It can be proved that there is no correlation between the number of earned votes and winning the election by the use of correlation research method in the latter system; this leads to more plurality in the election’s dimensions. Regardless of every imperfections and shortcomings, in comparison with the other electoral systems particularly plurality voting system, the preferential voting system has provided more accurate mechanisms for the utmost reflection of the electoral tastes of the voters.     * Corresponding Author’s E-mail: amirzareibushehri@gmail.com
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Received: 2012/09/18 | Accepted: 2012/09/20 | Published: 2012/12/19

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