Volume 19, Issue 1 (2015)                   CLR 2015, 19(1): 143-162 | Back to browse issues page

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Yari1 E, Shahbazinia2*, M, Issaei Tafreshi3 M, Ghamami4 M. New Evidence Provision at Appellate Stage in Civil Action ( A Comparative Study in Iranian and English Law). CLR. 2015; 19 (1) :143-162
URL: http://clr.modares.ac.ir/article-20-10731-en.html
1- , 1. Ph.D. Student in Private Law, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran , Iran
2- 2. Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3- 3. Professor, Faculty of Law, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4- 4. Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (15506 Views)
   Provision of new evidence at appellate stage, despite a new  claim, does not   contradict with the two-phased proceeding. Although the standard of nobility of evidence in the Civil Procedure Code of Iran has not been mentioned clearly; however, by drawing attention to the process of enactment of some articles of the Civil Procedure Code, two different criteria can be inferred. By relying on section ‘’C’’ of article 348, and articles 96, 220 and 219 of Civil Procedure Code, we can deliver a strict definition of new evidence, and it will be evidence that has not been provided in the first instance’’. Accordingly, those pieces of evidence that, in spite of being provided, for whatever reason have not been examined by the first instance court, will not be considered new ones at the appellate phase. Based on the second approach, as our case law inclines to, all pieces of evidence that have not been verified at the court of first instance, are providable at the appellate stage. In the UK, a conception similar to the first standard, but narrower, has been accepted; accordingly, new evidence must  not be provided at the first instance stage, and the applicant proves that it was out of reach, even though reasonable and normal efforts were made. Additionally, evidence must be of credibility and has impact on the result of action.    
* Corresponding author’s E-mail: shahbazinia@modares.ac.ir
Keywords: Evidence, Appeal, Provide, Verify
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Received: 2015/01/14 | Accepted: 2015/05/9 | Published: 2015/06/21

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