Volume 25, Issue 2 (2021)                   CLR 2021, 25(2): 25-49 | Back to browse issues page

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Akrami R, Jalili A. Preventive approach of criminal policy of Persian Gulf countries in the field of conflict of interest. CLR. 2021; 25 (2) :25-49
URL: http://clr.modares.ac.ir/article-20-54820-en.html
1- Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Qom University, Qom, Iran , r.akrami@qom.ac.ir
2- Ph.D. in Public Law, Faculty of Law, Qom University, Qom, Iran
Abstract:   (626 Views)
Conflict of interest, which is related to the conflict between public duties and private interests of officials of public institutions, is one of the most important areas of corruption in the structure of the administrative system that may lead people to abuse their position and prefer private interests over Lead public interests; Therefore, designing a comprehensive criminal policy to manage this situation is necessary. The success of managing such a situation depends on focusing on effective measures to prevent its occurrence. Considering the importance of comparative studies in the present study, we have sought to answer the question with a descriptive-analytical method of what approach the countries of the Persian Gulf region have taken towards managing the interests of conflict and preventing corruption. The research findings show that Iran, Bahrain and Qatar have not been able to manage this issue specifically and independently through legislation. On the other hand, other countries have tried to prevent corruption caused by such a situation by formulating legislative criminal policy, which is done both through social prevention measures, especially in the form of ethical codes, and through situational prevention measures such as Depriving persons of public office or deprivation of private interest, the obligation to abstinence from interfering in a matter in which they have a personal stake, and the disclosure of private interests which, by controlling the conflict of interest situation, prevent individuals from abusing.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Comparative Law
Received: 2021/08/14 | Accepted: 2021/10/29 | Published: 2021/11/22

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