Volume 25, Issue 1 (2021)                   CLR 2021, 25(1): 143-171 | Back to browse issues page

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Nemati Z, Farajiha M, Nobahar R, omidi J. Criminal Intervention Patterns in the Scope of Marital Rape, Comparative Study. CLR 2021; 25 (1) :143-171
URL: http://clr.modares.ac.ir/article-20-43477-en.html
1- Ph.D. student of Criminal Law and Criminology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate Professor of Law, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , farajihay@modares.ac.ir
3- Associate Professor in Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
4- Professor, Faculty of Theology and Islamic Studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2509 Views)
Marital rape as one of the types of domestic violence against women is not a novel phenomenon; however, only in recent decades has it been considered by criminal justice systems to confront with. International documents have pointed out that the marital relationship should not be accepted as a factor to justify sexual violence, according to which the domestic violence is not a simple family conflict, but a social problem threatening the public health. Therefore, member states have been called upon to eliminate or reduce domestic violence through criminal intervention which has been recognized in many countries as essential to confront marital rape. However, legislators do not follow a single pattern in this context. Careful reviewing the different countrieschr('39') laws about marital rape, we can identify four patterns of criminalization and three ones for penalization. Applying a descriptive-analytical approach, this study is aiming to first provide evidences of different countrieschr('39') criminal law, and then analyze the justifiable reasons for their obligation to each of such patterns. Furthermore, investigating the current situation of Iranian law, this article is seeking to find solutions for criminal intervention of Iranian legislator in this field through referring to the jurisprudential (Fiqhi) sources.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Comparative Law
Received: 2020/06/7 | Accepted: 2021/07/17 | Published: 2021/04/30

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