Volume 23, Issue 2 (2019)                   CLR 2019, 23(2): 109-134 | Back to browse issues page

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Sarraf Sadeghi A, Parsapoor M B, Saheb T. the comparative study of changes in management of explicitly determined endowments in the legal system of Iran and Iraq. CLR 2019; 23 (2) :109-134
URL: http://clr.modares.ac.ir/article-20-28456-en.html
1- Professor of Private Law, Faculty of Law, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate Professor of Private Law, Faculty of Law, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. , mb.parsapour@gmail.com
3- assistant professo of intangible property Law, Faculty of law, Tarbiat Modares University , Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (8124 Views)
Currently, in Iran's legal system, the will of the endower has a crucial role in determining the custodian of the endowment, and the Articles 61 and 75 of the Civil Code assert that no one has the right to change or restrict the power of the explicitly determined custodian, and even in the case of treason the custodian, respecting the will of the endower, the legislator according to the Article 79 of the Civil Code foreseen to add a trustee to the custodian. However, in the legal system of Iraq, the expedient of the endowment and its beneficiaries is preferable to the will of the endower and, in accordance with the Article 19 of the Nezam Al-Motevallin if the actions of the custodian are in contradiction with the material of the endowment and its beneficiaries, due to breach of trust, the privilege of the endowment is dismissed. The results of the study of documents, laws and regulations, and the analysis of the text and content indicate that the approach of the Iraqi legal system that opts for the change of the explicitly determined custodian for the expedient of endowment and its beneficiaries has more positive effects compared with the legal system of Iran while emphasize on to keep the explicitly determined custodian for the respect of the will of the endower. 
 
 
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Article Type: Original Research |
Received: 2018/12/22 | Accepted: 2019/06/20 | Published: 2019/06/20

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